You are getting ready to become a parent and along with the excitement and joy of pregnancy, you have the stress about the next 9 months. Pregnancy is a very special period for the woman and for the family! However, it is surrounded by various myths that may mislead you.
In pregnancy you should eat for two.
Myth. During pregnancy, the mother is called to eat healthily and properly to ensure the proper development of the fetus and her health. Energy needs in the first trimester of pregnancy do not differ from pre-pregnancy. For this reason, weight increase is expected to be no more than 2kg. In the second and third trimesters, energy needs are gradually increasing, but not as much as eating for two. Do not forget that lack of nutrients is important, but if you are overeating is equally damaging to both of you. Most of the times, pregnant women are advised to take dietary supplements in order to avoid any deficiency in micronutrients.
Ιn pregnancy you should avoid certain foods, such as prepared salads, raw eggs and unpasteurized dairy products.
Fact. Consuming raw foods during pregnancy should be avoided. The reason is that they may contain microbes and bacteria that can cause harm to the fetus. A typical example is salmonella, which may come from a poorly baked chicken or consumption of raw eggs. Always cook food, avoid consumption of unpasteurized cheeses and dairy products and check the label or recipe to know what it contains (ex. bulk ice cream, sorbet, mayonnaise).
In pregnancy we can eat all kinds of fish and seafood
Myth. Even if the consumption of fish is very beneficial to health, some more strict rules are introduced in pregnancy. It is known that large fish are a source of heavy metals (mackerel, swordfish, salmon). It is therefore advisable to avoid eating them, or if at least it is not possible, to limit it significantly. With regard to tuna, it is preferable to choose fresh and not canned, it is also recommended to limit its consumption once a week to a portion of ~ 150g.
The stretch marks of pregnancy can be prevented
Fact. Stretch marks are one of the most common aesthetic problems of pregnancy. Their appearance is due to the sudden increase in weight and volume, usually in the abdomen. The first step is to control weight. However, in the second and third trimesters, the increase of the fetus is by nature very high, so it is advisable to use specific anti-scar creams from the beginning of pregnancy, which will hydrate and prevent the appearance of stretch marks.
Exercise during pregnancy poses risks and should be avoided
Myth. Gymnastics and systematic exercise have many health benefits during pregnancy. It contributes to better weight management, improved body posture, good mental health while preparing the body for childbirth. Nevertheless, it requires attention and has specific rules, especially in the first trimester of pregnancy. If you have the approval of your physician to exercise, you will need to find a certified trainer who can take you to work out during pregnancy.
Pregnancy can cause acne and dark spots
Fact. Acne and dark spots are among the most common dermatological issues during pregnancy. The reason is the hormonal changes that occur during this period and either make the skin more sensitive or change the sebum production. As for acne, it is advisable to do a good cleaning daily and use appropriate creams with sebum-regulating action. For dark spots, it is advisable always to use sunscreen in orde to protect your skin from UVA and UVB radiation.
Pregnancy is a very beautiful period of your life. Enjoy it!