Chondropathy is one of the common arthropathies and usually it refers to the knee joint. It mainly concerns the elders, though it can also occur in young people and it is a painful condition due to inflammation and degeneration of the joints.
Definition and causes of chondropathy
Patellar chondropathy is also referred to as chondromalacia and is the most common cause of knee pain. Its incidence is higher in women, but it is also common in those who do recurrent knee movements, such as athletes, active people, adolescents etc.
It is mainly caused due to excessive use of the knee, and for this reason, is often referred to as “overuse syndrome”. Other reasons for chondropathy are reduced production of cartilage and synovial fluid, which is the protective pad and the lubricant, respectively, of the joints, some knee injury or dislocation, structural alterations, arthritis, heredity or some previous surgery.
Symptoms of chondropathy
The first and main symptom of chondropathy is the pain that occurs at the front of the knee, in the patellar region. This pain is due to the increased friction that it is developed under the patella and the femur. Chondropathy makes it difficult for the knee to move smoothly, resulting in walking problems, pain and inflammation during the bending and/or extension of the knee.
Tips for cartilage’s health
Even if chondropathy cannot be completely reversed, there are ways and some tips that can either relieve pain and inflammation or slow down its progression.
- Start dietary supplements that provide cartilage-enhancing substances such as glucosamine, MSM, silicon and chondroitin.
- Enrich your diet with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory substances such as vitamin C, turmeric and omega 3 that reduce oxidative damage and pain.
- Avoid stairs and walking uphill/downhill.
- Wear sports shoes.
- Have a healthy body weight as the pressures on the joints are reduced
- Avoid deep seating and prolonged movements, such as sitting or standing up for too long.
- Start to exercise the quadriceps, as this muscle stabilizes the knee joint and improves the movement and flexibility of the joint.
- Make daily stretches that aim to relax the muscles surrounding the knee and increase the mobility of the knee.
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