The nervous system is one of the most complex systems in our body and its role is fundamental for body's health.
The main action of nervous system is the processing of information received from all organs and tissues, as well as the coordination of vital body functions. A healthy nervous system depends mainly on daily intake of several nutrients.
Vitamins of the B complex
Vitamins of B complex, are a group of vitamins that play crucial role, in overall body function, as well as in nervous system. They all work together to ensure transmission of nerve signals. Each vitamin B plays a separate and equally important role for the function of nervous system.
Vitamin B12 is involved in the production of myelin, a major element of brain cells that allows cell communication. Chronic deficiency of B12 can lead to Alzheimer's disease and peripheral neuropathy. The main symptoms of vitamin B12 deficiency are weakness, pain, numbness, tingling, cramps and bruising.
Vitamin B6 is also a very important vitamin that works synergistically with vitamin B12 and folic acid. It participates in biochemical processes regarding energy production and action of several neurotransmitters (dopamine and serotonin). Lack of vitamin B6 leads to serious neurological problems.
Folic acid is a water-soluble vitamin that participates in the development of nervous system of fetus during pregnancy. Thiamine (vitamin B1) and niacin (vitamin B3) play also a crusial role in memory and concentration.
Potassium is a major component of cell membranes, which regulates nervous signals among cells. In specific, it appears to end transmission of signals among nerves, by helping nervous system to function properly. Its action requires the presence of sodium, which is abundant in body.
Like vitamin B6, copper is also an essential element for the proper function of neurotransmitters. Copper deficiency can lead to health problems of spinal cord and malfunction of neurons.
In addition to vitamins, many fatty acids (FFAs) also participate in health of nervous system. Omega 3 fatty acids, particularly DHA, are essential for the growth of nerves during fetal life and up to the first two years. In addition, because of its anti-inflammatory action, DHA reduces inflammatory reactions that can lead to nerve cell destruction.
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