Myrtillus, is a plant of the Vaccinium family that grows in conifer forests of Northern Europe, America and Asia.
The fruits and leaves are used for therapeutic reasons. The fruits are rich in phenolic compounds such as quercentin, catechins, tannins, phenolic acid, anthocyanidines, vitamins A,C,E, beta-carotene, trace elements, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, and pectins. Myrtile is an excellent antioxidant, and 100 grams of fresh fruit contain 300-700 mg of catechins, 3 mg of quercentin, and 3 mg of vitamin C.
Except for its antioxidant action, has many other health properties. Anthocyanidines are water soluble flavonoids that givethe pink, red, blue and purple color in fruits. Also are compounds that are part of cellular renew, and DNA chain repair.
- Αntioxidant. Protects the body of oxidative stress, tissue devastation, and free oxygen radicals. Experiments in animal have shown that protects the liver, the vessels and the brain cells.
- Heart protection. Anthocyanidinesprotectthevesselsfromatheromatosis, reducecholesterolsandserumtriglycerides, andregulatebloobpressure. The hypoglycemic action of the leaf helps maintaining healthy blood glucose levels and healthy weight.
- Αnti-iflammatory. The anti-inflammatory action of myrtile protects the body from degenerative states that lead to ageing.
- Obesity. The myrtile polyphenols decrease the action of certain digestive enzyme such as lipase, and fat goes through the intestine without being digested.
- Neuroprotection. Polyphenols are neuroprotective compounds that increase dopamine levels and improve the nervous system function. Also are helpful to memory and concentration and degenerative symptoms of ageing.
- Antimicrobial action. Myrtile polyphenols act against staphylococcus, salmonella, and e.Coli species, and reduce intestinal inflammatory conditions, in combination with dietary fiber.
- Diabetes. Glycosides of myrtile leafs regulate blood glucose levels.
- Radiant skin. As an antioxidant retains skin elasticity and radiance, and increase collagen and elastin production.
- Vision support. Experiments in animals have shown that the consumption of myrtiles improves the night vision and reduces the possibility of macular degeneration.
- Cooking. Myrtiles can be consumes in pastries, in ice creams, jams and smoothies.
Health properties of myrtiles can be obtains from dietary supplements in pharmacies.