Seborrhoeic dermatitis is an inflammatory situation, which is characterized by red flakes, redness and skin irritation. About 2-3% of the population suffer from seborrhoeic dermatitis, usually young children and adult men. Although it is not dangerous to health or contagious, it has a significant impact on psychology.
What is Seborrheic Dermatitis?
It is also known as seborrhoeic eczema and is an inflammatory skin disease. It occurs both in infants, where it is referred to as cradle cap, as well as in adults. Symptoms of seborrhoeic dermatitis may point to dandruff or psoriasis, but they are different situations.
Seborrhoeic dermatitis causes red flakes (like dandruff), skin irritation and intense itching on the face and scalp, while also in genitals, chest or armpits, where there is intense sebum production (between the eyebrows, around the nose etc). It is characterized by periods of exacerbations and recessions, while during summer usually resides, as UV radiation and sun ameliorate its symptoms.
It is often confused with simple dandruff and psoriasis. It is an inflammatory dermatopathy for this reason and the skin is red, sensitive and irritated. The epidermis is both oily and dry at the same time and displays thin scaly plaques with blurred borders, folliculitis and rashes with mild or very intense itching.
Causes of seborrhoeic dermatitis
Despite the incidence of the disease, the causes of its occurrence are not yet clear. Seborrheic dermatitis is not due to an allergic reaction or poor skin hygiene. It is believed to be due to a combination of factors such as anxiety, hormonal disorders and overproduction of sebum, or even to the overgrowth of a fungus normally found in the epidermis.
What is the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis?
Daily skin care is very important in case of seborrheic dermatitis. For hair, it is recommended to use shampoo with keratolytic properties to remove the flakes, while gentle cleansers that respect the pH of the skin should be used on the face without worsening grease.
Skin hydration is also very important, but not all products are tolerable by a skin with seborrhoeic dermatitis. It is recommended to use special hydrating creams and moisturizing oils suitable either for infants or for adults with seborrhea. In addition, there is a wide variety of products for the treatment of seborrhoeic dermatitis such as seborrhoeic lotions, keratolytic shampoos, cleansing creams etc. Depending on the stage and the severity of the symptoms, the doctor may recommend keratolytic creams, antifungal agents or local creams with anti-inflammatory action.