Magnesium in Pregnancy: Foods and Supplements

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A big chapter in pregnancy is mother’s nutrition, since whatever she consumes, she also shares it with her infant. There are many questions on this topic, but you do not need to panic, as the most important things are positive psychology and an optimistic attitude of life! After all, nowadays specialists can help any future mom have a proper guidance on her choices.

Magnesium is one of the supplements that gynecologists often recommend. What are its benefits for the body, in which foods can we find it and when is it recommended during pregnancy?

How Magnesium helps in pregnancy?

The reason many doctors recommend magnesium in pregnancy is the development of high blood pressure. High blood pressure is a risk factor for preeclampsia and affects 6-8% of pregnant women. Magnesium seems to be able to help prevent hypertension in pregnancy and other disorders. Indeed, in a related study it appears that the combination of magnesium with multivitamin had a lower chance of pregnancy complications compared to groups that did not receive magnesium supplement (1).

Preeclampsia: symptoms

Preeclampsia is a disorder that some women experience after the 20th week of pregnancy or after giving birth. Its main symptoms are high blood pressure, severe swelling in the body, proteins in the urine (proteinuria), persistent headache, impaired vision, and in severe cases seizures. 

High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy: Risk Factors

Pregnancy hypertension is defined as blood pressure of 140/90 mmHg or more. Risk factors for high blood pressure in pregnancy (2) are:

  • First pregnancy
  • High maternal age
  • Obesity
  • Stress
  • Heredity
  • Multiple pregnancy
  • Diabetes, kidney problems, thrombophilia
  • Chronic hypertension
  • Eating deficiency

 

Magnesium: Foods

Magnesium is a metal we can easily find in many foods, such as green leafy vegetables, bananas, legumes, avocados, dark chocolate, raw unsalted nuts, seeds, and more. However, if your doctor consider it necessary you may need to take magnesium supplement in your pregnancy.

Magnesium: Benefits

In addition to preventing hypertension, magnesium in pregnancy will help you with sleep and stress problems, and is particularly effective in preventing cramps, headaches and nausea. It also contributes to bone health, as it helps to prevent bone loss and osteoporosis, which is frustrating for many pregnant women!

Is Magnesium Dangerous in Pregnancy?

Magnesium intake in pregnancy appears to be safe for both the mother and fetus, even though some studies do not support its effectiveness in preventing hypertension (2). Pregnancy needs for magnesium are 350 mg daily, but may increase depending on age.

So if you are pregnant, include magnesium-rich foods in your diet as it is a very important metal, involved in many metabolic processes in our body. Ask your doctor for advice if it is necessary for you to take magnesium supplement in your pregnancy.

At Vita4you you will find a wide variety of magnesium supplements.

 

Bibliography

1.https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5590399/

2. https://www.hindawi.com/journals/jp/2018/4843159/

 

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