Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a fairly common condition among men. Swelling of the prostate gland causes a number of undesirable urological symptoms and problems. But what is the role of this small gland and how can prostatic hyperplasia be treated naturally, without drugs?
What is the prostate gland?
The prostate is a small gland of the male reproductive system in size from chestnut. It is located beneath the bladder and over the pelvic muscles while surrounding part of the urethra. The most important role of the prostate is the production of seminal fluids that are combined with other gland fluids and ensure male fertility and sperm function as well as ejaculation.
An additional very important function of the prostate is the metabolism of several hormones. Testosterone is converted to a biologically active form called dihydrotestosterone (DHT), with the help of a 5-alpha reductase enzyme. DHT is an androgen hormone that plays a role in adolescence and helps men develop their adult characteristics and is responsible for the growth – swelling of the prostate gland.
Prostate hyperplasia – causes
The urethra is a tube that passes through the prostate and transfers the urine from the bladder through the penis. When the prostate gland is enlarged, then it affects the flow of urine. The swelling of the prostate gland is very common and happens almost to every man. It is not yet clear what causes this hyperplasia, but it seems to be due to aging and imbalance of sex hormones.
Risk factors for prostate enlargement include:
• Old age. Enlargement of the prostate gland rarely causes signs and symptoms in men under the age of 40. About a third of men experience moderate to severe symptoms from after 60s’
• Family history. Benign prostatic hyperplasia is quite inheritable.
• Diabetes and heart disease. Studies have shown that diabetes, as well as heart disease, may increase the risk of BPH.
• Lifestyle. Obesity increases the risk of hyperplasia, while exercise can reduce it.
PSA, what is it?
PSA is a substance produced by the prostate gland. Increased levels of PSA signify swelling of the gland and may be due to infection, surgery or prostate cancer.
BPH – Symptoms
The severity of the symptoms varies, but they tend to worsen gradually over time. The common signs and symptoms of benign prostatic hyperplasia include:
• Frequent or urgent need for urination
• Increased frequency of urination at night (nocturia)
• Difficulty in starting urination
• Weak urine stream
• Inability to fill the bladder
• Blood in the urine
The size of the prostate does not necessarily determine the severity of τηε symptoms. Some men with only slightly enlarged prostate can have significant symptoms, while other men may have few symptoms.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia – treatment
Can prostatitis be treated without drugs? The herbs that are used for prostate hyperplasia are:
- Saw Palmetto. Phytosterol-rich herb with anti-androgenic and anti-inflammatory action.
- Pumpkin seed oil. It contains beneficial fatty acids and some potent phytochemicals, such as cucurbitine and phytosterols, which prevent inflammation and relieve symptoms of hyperplasia.
- Nettle. Mild diuretic herb that facilitates urination. It has anti-inflammatory action and helps in treating dysuria.
- IP-6 (inositol). A natural component that inhibits the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. It reduces the symptoms of prostate hyperplasia and has strong anti-inflammatory action.
- Epilobium parviflorum. Herb with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory action.
- Pygeum africanum. It enhances prostate health and helps reduce hyperplasia.
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