Milk is the first and most important food in a person’s life. Over the last decades, due to increased demand, milk consumption has increased significantly. The result is that there are many myths regarding its safety!
Pasteurization of milk degrades its nutritional value
Myth. The aim of pasteurizing milk is to destroy all pathogenic microorganisms so that milk is safe for consumption. There are two types of pasteurization and vary in the degrees of heat treatment of milk. During pasteurization there are small losses of certain vitamins of B complex, which are heat-sensitive, however the concentration of calcium and vitamin D remains unchanged.
Infant milk formulas can not compete the value of breast milk
Fact. Infant milk formulas provide all the necessary nutrients for the development of the newborn. Breast milk, however, is much more digestible and it helps strengthen and shield the immune system of the child, as it provides antibodies and other factors involved in body’s immunization. In addition, the benefits of breastfeeding are multiple as it helps in the mental and emotional development of both infant and mother, which is not achieved with infant milk formulas.
Children should consume full dairy products
Myth. Children over the age of 3 can follow the recommendations of the general population and consume semi skimmed dairy and cheese products.
Milk is not an essential element in adult’s nutrition
Fact. Although milk is a very nutritious food, it is not necessary for adult’s health. The reason is that lactose is not the only source of energy. It is no coincidence that a large proportion of the population is susceptible or intolerant to lactose.
Goat milk is equal with cow milk
Myth. Goat milk is considered to be much more digestible than cow milk, because of lactose concentration. As a result, goat milk can be consumed more easily and is responsible for fewer allergies. Concerning the increased use of antibiotics in cows, goat milk has lower concentrations of antibiotics, making it a healthier option. Additionally, goat’s milk has a higher content of riboflavin and vitamin A.
Milk with 0% fat should not be consumed
Fact. Although many believe that milk fat is responsible for weight gain or hypercholesterolemia, this is a false belief. Dairy products are a rich source of fat-soluble vitamins such as Vitamin A and D. Consumption of lean dairy products has no nutritional value, as their beneficial compounds can not be absorbed.
There is a specific amount of milk to be consumed
Myth. There are no clear recommendations from international organizations regarding the consumption of dairy products in adults. If the recommended daily intake of calcium and vitamin D is achieved then milk consumption is not necessary.