Muscle pain is a very common condition and can significantly affect the quality of life. According to studies, the majority of people will experience muscular pain, at some point, in their lives.
Muscle pains can be either localized to a muscle group or diffused throughout the body. Depending on the duration of the pain, they differentiate into chronic or acute. Chronic muscular pain lasts for more than 6 months.
The treatment of muscular pain varies depending on the cause. They usually result from:
- muscle injuries and exercise strain
- viruses and flus
- inflammatory and autoimmune diseases
- sedentary lifestyle and chronic anxiety
- iautoimmue diseases
- medicines and thyroid gland disorders
The treatment and alleviation of muscular pain presupposes that the underlying disease has been investigated. Most of the time the symptoms begin gradually and depending on the cause they may worsen over time.
Cryotherapy and thermotherapy
Depending on the nature of the muscular pain, is also indicated either cryotherapy of thermotheray, or even a combination of them.
In cases where there is tissue and muscle injury that is characterized by inflammation, ice or cryotherapy creams or gels should be used. The reason is that cold causes vasoconstriction and reduces blood supply to the affected area while helps limiting inflammation and swelling that cause pain.
In contrast, the application of warm patches or gels with heating action facilitates relaxation of the muscles, causes vasodilatation in the affected area and thus indirectly relieve pain.
Cryotherapy refers to products such as gels and sprays that include essential oils and volatile substances that, after application, create a feeling of cold and pain relief. Most of the time they contain herbs with anti-inflammatory and analgesic action that relieve pain and help reduce swelling. Cryotherapy is ideal for rheumatic pains, morning stiffness, back pain, musculoskeletal pain, arthritis and injuries such as sprains or muscle fatigue, as well as in cases of bleeding.
Heat gels and creams are usually applied to chronic pains and in muscular spasms. They cause hyperemia and help in faster and better oxygenation of tissues. They are indicated for morning stiffness, joint pain, muscle spasms, but with no inflammation. Usually, heat treatment occurs 72 hours after the injury. Otherwise, there is worsening of the wound and edema, and the recovery time is prolonged. Creams and gels may contain substances such as capsaicin and camphor which help in the circulation of blood.
How to apply
In any case, cryotherapy or thermotherapy, apply patches or creams and let them act for 10-20 minutes in the wound area, 2-3 times a day. The use of heating and cryotherapy gels is not recommended in children under 6 years of age, pregnant and breast-feeding women.
In Vita4you you can find a great variety of creams, gels and patches for pain relief either for cryotherapy or thermotherapy.