Ιnfertility is one of the most common problems among modern couples. Acquiring a child is a desire that is often difficult to accomplish as infertility rates has been increased rapidly, in both sexes.
In vitro fertilization, is an innovative method for conception that has helped many couples to have a child. Although, there are many people who prefer the natural methods of conception. Because of that, there are many nutritional supplements with minerals and herbs that enhance fertility (male and female).
Causes of infertility vary between women and men and require different treatment.
As for women, the most common cause is age. The best reproductive age is between 20 to 25 years. Pathological conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome, endometriosis or sexually transmitted diseases may adversely affect the chances of conception.
Regarding men, infertility problems has to do with mobility and sperm production (count). Oxidative stress, free radicals as well as various drugs, harm the quality of sperm and adversely affect the ability to conceive.
Nutrients and fertility
Myoinositol improves ovarian function, contributes to good and proper ovulation while helping to reduce androgen production (hyperandrogenism). In addition, administration of myoinositol through supplements help significantly in cases of polycystic ovary syndrome and metabolic disturbances.
Pine extract increases arginine production in body because of increased supply of nitric oxide (NO). As a result, there is an increased blood circulation in reproductive organs and this contributes to the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Additionally Pine extract has strong antioxidant effects, thus indirectly improves the quality of sperm.
Arginine improves blood flow in reproductive organs (increase of nitric oxide NO), while also helps create a more welcoming environment for the implantation of the zygote (connection of the ovum and the sperm) in the uterine cervix. In men, arginine supplementation helps treat erection dysfunction, one of the main causes of male infertility, while also it is a major element of seminal fluid.
L – Carnitine
It is an amino acid that participates in reproductive ability of men. It is also a major component of seminal fluids, helps increase sperm production and mobility, improving the chances of conception.
It is a fat soluble vitamin that has strong antioxidant properties, improving the body’s defense against oxidative stress. Vitamin E is also called tocopherol, a greek word that means that help have a child. Deficiency of vitamin E is associated with infertility. It also helps sperm motility and ability to connect with the ovule.
Studies show coenzyme Q10 helps to increase production and sperm motility, increasing the chances of conception. It is also one of the most powerful antioxidants, helping to deal with oxidative stress and reducing damages caused by oxidative environmental factors that result in the production of poor quality sperm. It works synergistically with other antioxidant compounds such as vitamin C and E, selenium and glutathione.
It acts synergistically with zinc in spermatogenesis and helps increase the ammount of sperm and sperm’s density in seminal fluid. Folic acid also plays a key role in fertilization in women. Lack of folic acid leads to a post-conception pregnancy problem as it causes damage to the development of the fetal neural tube.
Vitamin with strong antioxidant propertes that helps to increase mucus secretion in the uterus, thus helping the survival and implantation of zygote in the uterine cervix.
Herbal extracts such as Black Cohosh, Agnus Castus, Dong Quai and Astragalus help in the health of reproductive system of women by regulating menstrual cycle. They exhibit synergistic action and contribute to increased blood flow in the reproductive organs, while having hormone-regulating actions and help ovulation.