Vitamin D is essential for calcium and phosphorus metabolism as well as for healthy bones. Can be found in foods such as fish, cod liver oil, eggs, enriched milk and celeals. Thus dietary intake is not enough because vitamin D is synthesized by skin exposure to sun.

   Vitamin D is crucial for bone health, and also recent studies show that has protective properties against diabetes type 2 and can regulate blood glucose levels and insulin.

   Studies have shown that individuals with low serum vitamin D levels are at greater risk for developing diabetes mellitus. Daily intake of 400 IU of vitamin D can reduce this risk by 13% in men and women. Vitamin D is very beneficial also for patients with diabetes, and can offer a better glucose control.

   There are several proposed mechanism of action for interpreting the relatuionship between diabetes mellitus and vitamin D. In diabetes type 1 has immuno-regulating action. In type 2 acts in pancreatic beta cells and in insulin sensitivity. Also vitamin D reduces diabetes related inflammation

   Vitamin D is an essential nutrient for the prevention of diabetes, as well as for diabetic patients. D3 form is required in a minimum dosage of 600 IU daily.

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